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Effective Teaching Methods and Ideal Ways to Use Them

School and college teachers often face challenges while administering instruction in the classroom. They generally have to decide about the right type of teaching method that goes in sync with the academic and learning needs of their students. To begin with, SuperTeacher takes you through the various types of teaching methods in detail. It shall then help you decide the best type of teaching method that shall suit your needs. 

Types of Teaching Methods

  1. Teacher-centric 
  2. Student-centric/ Constructivist Approach
  3. Project-based Learning
  4. Montessori
  5. Inquiry-based Learning
  6. Flipped Classroom
  7. Cooperative Learning 
  8. Personalised Education


Often considered as a very traditional method of teaching, the teacher-centred process emphasises the importance of teachers as the centre of attraction. Being the focal point, all the activities are directed and dictated by the teachers. Typically, students are seated at individual desks. Although there is scope for group work, most time in the classroom is spent with the teacher assigning individual work and explaining the concepts. 

Notably, the teacher-centric approach has fallen out of favour among the teaching fraternity as it is considered in favour of passive students. It prioritises control over student behaviour. However, some of its advantages include easy control over behaviour problems. Another advantage is that students rarely miss out on a topic because the teacher directs everything that is happening in the classroom. 


As averse to the teacher-centric approach, this type of method ensures that the students remain the focal point in the classroom. Generally, students are seen sitting in small groups in the classroom, can access centres and are usually allowed to move around in the classroom freely. 

However, teachers might be curious about ways to deal with behaviour problems. To avoid such hurdles, teachers may have to do a lot of groundwork. To begin with, teachers should instil a sense of responsibility among students. Such qualities of responsibility also build confidence within them. 

Project-based Learning 

Project-based learning has emerged as a new method of teaching and learning recently. Additionally, many experts include it in the purview of student-centric teaching because of its emphasis on the students. 

As the name suggests, students are expected to work on meaty projects through which they can acquire knowledge, can research, think critically, can evaluate, analyse and make decisions related to them. A key aspect of project-based learning is that students have a choice and are regarded as the ultimate decision-makers. 


Being counted among the key types of teaching methods, Montessori has been in existence for more than a century. Montessori continues to offer a dynamic and novel approach to establishing a student-centric learning environment. 

The method was developed by an Italian doctor named Maria Montessori and it is commonly seen in preschools, kindergartens, and lower grades of schooling. Here, teachers are expected to create a learning environment replete with activities that the children can spend time on. This method is considered arguably the most important aspect of a child’s academic development. 

Inquiry-based Learning 

As the name suggests, inquiry-based learning is driven by questions. In this approach, teachers are expected to guide students with the objective of developing critical thinking and problem-solving skills. 

To master these skills, the teachers help students in thinking through the processes and approaches in an attempt to encourage them to try various methods of learning. Similar to the previous three types of teaching methods, inquiry-based teaching and learning is also student-centric and is gaining momentum among the teaching fraternity.

Flipped Classroom

The flipped classroom approach of learning and teaching emphasises the importance of homework as a key instrument of learning. Rather than considering homework as an extra task or practice, it is considered as preparation for the next class. 

Through this approach, students are encouraged to watch a video lecture about the syllabus that will be covered in the class the next day. Then on, the classroom teaching focuses on higher orders of thinking such as analysis and evaluation. 

Cooperative Learning 

True to the name, cooperative learning involves an immense amount of coordination in the form of groups. Apart from the coordination, it also requires a lot of structure and intervention from the teacher’s end to ensure that the learning process is absolutely effective. 

The think-pair-share approach is one of the most commonly used ideas in cooperative learning. Moreover, discussion in small groups or pairs is also deemed effective, similar to the jigsaw approach. In the jigsaw model, students are divided into smaller groups and asked to read or learn from a certain perspective. Then one member of each group moves to the other group and presents their learning to the others. 

Personalised Education 

Personalised education aims at taking the idea of student-centric learning to an absolutely high level. With the help of a student’s functional data, a personalised and tailored program is prepared and then the instruction is imparted. 

Considered the most effective form of learning and teaching, personalised education can bring out the best learning outcomes among students. One example of this is the Montessori method wherein each student is allowed to follow their own interest and move at their own pace. 

Which is the Best Method of Teaching?

Having seen the eight above types of teaching methods, it is best to assume that the personalised education method offers the highest scope for students’ learning. Aided with technology, it tracks the student’s behaviour over a period of time and then chalks out a personalised plan that best suits their learning needs. 

So these were the types of teaching methods along with our opinion about the best method according to current times. Keep following SuperTeacher, India’s fastest growing online teaching platform for such insightful information.

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