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Steps to Create Sample Lesson Formats

As an educator in the teaching profession, it is important to master the skill of planning lessons for your students. Planning a lesson plan format helps manage lessons and also guides teachers effectively. Important concepts, especially in higher secondary education, require the tutor to have clarity of subject divisions. Drafting a lesson plan however, requires a tutor to know the basic outline. One can design their own lesson plans, but if the structure of a lesson plan format is followed, it makes the process easier.

What Is a Lesson Plan?

A lesson plan is a framework that acts as a guide for teachers to keep track of what students need to learn in a given lesson within a specified time frame.

What Are the Uses of a Lesson Plan?

Designing a lesson plan has multiple components and several advantages:

  • It serves as a guiding trajectory as it provides a detailed outline for the lesson in every period in the class.
  • It helps manage time effectively in class as teachers know how much time to allocate for the sub topics in the chapters. They help divide class time efficiently to cover healthy discussions. 
  • It is an organised way of conducting classes as it helps stay on track with the syllabus. 
  • Lesson plans give the class a direction with a sequenced manner of progress which helps students grasp the concepts better.
  • It helps teachers cover the syllabus well within deadlines and also saves time for doubt clarifications and additional guidance.
  • It relieves teachers from pre-examination stress of completing important topics in class.
  • Every class counts and adds value to the lesson. A lesson plan ensures that teachers have a checklist to assess how much has been covered effectively in class. 

Components of a Lesson Plan

Lesson Objectives

Setting the right objectives for the class helps assess if your lesson has been grasped well by students or not. Class objectives are useful for setting goals for both the students as well as the teachers. The most popularly used strategy for setting an objective is known by the abbreviation SMART. SMART is a list of criteria that is easy to remember while setting a goal for the class. To know if your objectives are on track, check with the following SMART criteria mentioned below:

S- Is the objective specific?

M- Is the objective measurable?

A- Is the objective attainable by students?

R- Is the objective relevant to the students?

T- Is the objective time-based in accordance with the syllabus?

Common terminologies that help define lesson objectives vary from class to class. For example, if you are designing a lesson plan format for higher secondary students, it may involve usage of terms like:




Determine, and so on.

If the lesson plan is to be customized for advanced practical classes, then one can use the following terminologies:



Measure, to tabulate their lesson objectives.

Syllabus Requirements

Listing out the syllabus and curriculum requirements helps prioritise the chapters accordingly in class. For example, if the syllabus is in alignment with CBSE curriculum, listing out the CBSE requirements will help. This even helps prepare the students from the examination perspective.

Lesson Resources

While compiling resources based on the syllabus, it is important to prioritise the lesson material as well. Listing the sources of information according to priority ensures that important information is not missed out while teaching in class.

Common types of lesson materials are textbooks, handouts and e-learning links that can be circulated among students for reference.

Sequence of Lesson

Before heading to class, it is important to know how exactly the lesson is going to be implemented. There are four well-known phases of going about the lesson procedures. 

Step1: Explore:

This is a phase where teachers nudge students’ curiosity in the subject and encourage them to find out what it is about.

Step2 : Practice and Learn:

Once the concept is taught, students are motivated to implement the concept. This can be done using project-based activities. Giving homework is also a common way of making students engage effectively with the subject.

Step3: Reflect:

Students are asked to reflect upon how much they have grasped in class.This can also be done by circulating self-assessment forms.

Step4: Reinforce:

This is the most important part of learning. Concepts imparted must be reinforced by making students implement the same. They must be assigned projects that guide them back to the basics. This also helps them retain the concept effectively.

Assessment Techniques

Once the teaching part is completed, tutors must allocate time for assessments. This helps the tutors know how much has been grasped and to what extent the lesson objectives have been met.

Some common assessment techniques are:

  • Quizzes
  • Written tests
  • Practical tests
  • Project-based assessments
  • Role reversal activities


Tutors must self assess their teachings once the class is completed and tally with the lesson plan format. This helps them know if they met the objectives of the lesson and covered the syllabus in time or not. Some of the questions that tutors can answer to assess how well they have taught the lesson are:

  • Which part of the lesson took more time to cover?
  • Why did that particular lesson take so much time to cover?
  • Did students enjoy the lesson and take notes?
  • Did the lesson engage the students and keep them interested?
  • Was the lesson in line with the school curriculum?
  • Are extra classes needed to cover this chapter?

With numerous chapters and concepts listed, a lesson plan format organises the syllabus and gives direction to the teaching session. A lesson plan format may require time and research to draft, but it is totally worth the effort as it makes way for clarity. Online resources and teaching apps are helping tutors stay on track with the latest teaching trends. With the right guidance and effort, it is possible to achieve teaching objectives in a classroom and help students more efficiently.

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